Law is a set of rules enforceable by social institutions. These laws shape history, politics, economics, and society. In order to understand how these laws are enforced, it is essential to understand the legal system in a country.
There are four different kinds of legal systems. Civil law systems, common law systems, religious law systems, and mixed legal systems. Each of these legal systems has its own features.
Civil law legal systems are often shorter and less detailed than common law systems. A civil law legal system may be based on legislative statutes, executive decrees, or judicial decisions.
Common law legal systems are based on court judgments. The decisions of the court bind future decisions, which is called the doctrine of precedent.
Religious law systems are based on religious precepts. Some of these include Jewish Halakha and Islamic Sharia.
Common law systems are often rigid and unflexible. In many cases, citizens petitioned the King to override this inflexibility.
Modern legal systems share several features of common law systems. They also have their own differences.
In the United States, for instance, the administrative office of the U.S. government does not provide legal advice or guidance on litigation. However, it creates educational resources and provides a platform for discussion on pending and proposed cases.
One of the most important aspects of the American system of government is equality before the law. This is a principle enshrined in the Bill of Rights, which protects freedom of speech, religion, and equal treatment.